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Monday, March 7, 2022

Evolution of glazed crafts

Evolution of glazed crafts The history of Chinese coloured glaze is long. Light green glazed beads from the Western Zhou Dynasty were unearthed in Xi'an. During the Wei, Jin, southern and Northern Dynasties, Buddhism prevailed, and colored glass has been used to make bowls, (wine vessels), inkstone boxes, screens, and decorations on a large number of Buddha statues. In the Sui and Tang Dynasties, there were many kinds of colored glass with wide uses. In addition to making bowls, bottles and plates, they were also used for the decoration of doors, windows and screens. In the late Tang Dynasty, women used colored glass as hairpin (jewelry on BUN) and bracelet (bracelet), which were still popular until the reign of Shaoxi in the Song Dynasty (1190 ~ 1194). The site of Liuli furnace in Yinshi city in the late Yuan Dynasty was unearthed in Boshan, Shandong Province. The court handicraft workshop of the Yuan Dynasty also set up a pot jade Bureau. The furnace site may be in Dadu (today's Beijing) to produce colored glass imitating jade. In the Ming Dynasty, the imperial court supervisor set up a glass workshop in Yanshen Town, Boshan, firing green curtains (curtains made of blue glass beads). The colored glasses of Kunming and Yongchang in Yunnan Province were also famous in the Ming Dynasty. They were black, white, red, goose yellow, duck green and other colors. The varieties were mainly Weiqi. During the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1662-1722), the court set up a glass factory under the manufacturing office of Yangxin Hall of the house of internal affairs to produce cups, bowls, bottles, plates and snuff bottles. The raw materials and craftsmen of the glass factory came from Boshan, Guangzhou and other places. The colors of colored glass include glass (transparent), Pearl (milky white), curd (lanolin), Jixue, lotus root powder, red, blue, purple, yellow, green and Venus. By the reign of Qianlong (1736 ~ 1795), there were more than 20 kinds.

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